2D/3D Mammography

Woman receiving a mammogram

A mammogram is an important test that can help safeguard a woman's health. The test can be used to check for signs of breast cancer or—along with biopsy—to help diagnose cancer or another breast disease. View a video highlighting our mammography services.

At Stanford Health Care - ValleyCare, we are committed to providing women who need mammograms with the latest technology in a comfortable environment. Our expertise has resulted in the designation of ValleyCare as a Center of Excellence for Breast Imaging by the American College of Radiology and has received full accreditation by the National Accreditation Program for Breast Centers administered by the American College of Surgeons.

Find out how a mammogram is performed.

Digital Mammography

American College of Radiology Breast Imaging Center of Excellence Seal

ValleyCare provides the latest in digital mammography at both the Women's Imaging Center in Pleasanton and at the ValleyCare Medical Plaza on the Livermore campus.

Who Should Get a Routine Screening Mammogram?

An annual mammogram is recommended for:

  • Women in their 40s or older
  • Women of any age with a history of breast cancer
  • Women of any age who are at an increased risk for breast cancer. Women are at increased risk if they have lumpy breasts, haven't been pregnant, had a first pregnancy after age 30, have a genetic susceptibility to breast cancer or have a family history of breast cancer.
Woman receiving a mammogram

What is Tomosynthesis (3D Mammography)?

Tomosynthesis or "3D" mammography is a new type of digital x-ray mammogram which creates 2D and 3D-like pictures of the breasts. This tool improves the ability of mammography to detect early breast cancers, and decreases the number of women "called back" for additional tests for findings that are not cancers.

During a "3D" exam, an X-ray arm sweeps in a slight arc over your breast, taking multiple low dose x-ray images. Then, a computer produces synthetic 2D and "3D" images of your breast tissue. The images include thin one millimeter slices, enabling the radiologist to scroll through images of the entire breast like flipping through pages of a book, and providing more detail than previously possible.

The "3D" images reduce the overlap of breast tissue, and make it possible for a radiologist to better see through your breast tissue on the mammogram. Watch a video highlighting this new technology.

Why is there a Need for Tomosynthesis Breast Exams? What are the Benefits?

With conventional digital mammography, the radiologist is viewing the tissues of your breast overlapping on flat images. This tissue overlap can sometimes make cancers hard to detect. Also, overlap can sometimes create areas that appear abnormal, but require that you be "called back" for additional tests to determine that cancer is not present (so-called false positives).

Tomosynthesis or "3D" mammography directly addresses the current limitations of standard 2D mammography. Multiple studies have shown that "3D" mammography increases the detection of breast cancer by approximately 25 percent, and decreases the number of false positive call backs by approximately 15 percent.

What is the Difference Between a Screening and Diagnostic Mammogram?

A screening mammogram is done in women who have no breast signs symptoms. A diagnostic mammogram is done in women who have been "called back" from a screening mammogram, or who have a clinical breast symptom such as a lump.

What Should I Expect During the 3D Mammography Exam?

Having a "3D" mammogram is similar to a having conventional digital mammogram, including the amount of compression of the breasts and the time in compression. The main difference is that the X-ray arm sweeps in a slight arc over your breasts.

Why is Compression Important in Mammography?

  • Decreases radiation dose
  • Separates glandular tissue
  • Decreases superimposition of tissue
  • Improves resolution or clarity of the image
  • Increases contrast to visualize subtle differences in tissue
  • Reduces scatter radiation

Who Can Have a 3D Mammography Exam?

It is approved for all women who would be undergoing a standard mammogram, in both the screening and diagnostic settings.

Does 3D Mammography Have a Higher Radiation Dose?

Because Stanford has invested in software that creates both the synthetic 2D and "3D" images from the same acquisition, the synthetic 2D and "3D" radiation dose is very similar to that of standard 2D digital mammograms in the USA.

  • The average annual natural background in the U.S. is 3 millisieverts (mSv). In Colorado it is 4 mSv.
  • A traditional 2D mammogram is 0.4 mSv.
  • A synthetic 2D and "3D" mammogram is 0.5 mSv.

A new state law now requires health care providers to notify women when their screening mammogram shows dense breasts beginning April 1, 2013. For information or to learn more about dense breasts, visit www.breastdensity.info/


Contact Us

To schedule a mammogram appointment, please call 925.734.3376.

Women's Imaging Center

ValleyCare Medical Plaza at Stoneridge and West Las Positas

5725 W. Las Positas, Suite 120

Pleasanton, CA 94588

Get driving directions and map

ValleyCare Medical Plaza Livermore

1133 E. Stanley Blvd.

Livermore, CA 94550

Get driving directions and map

Back to top